It’s tax season again, and you’re resisting the urge to call your accountant and vent. When you look at your paycheck, it's understandable to wonder why your taxes are high. After all, you're only taking home a fraction of what you earn.
But, believe it or not, that's how it's supposed to work, and there's more to tax withholding than what meets the eye.
In this article, we'll look at why your taxes are so high on your paycheck and what that means for you. We'll also explore some options for reducing that burden in the future. Read on if you want to learn more about tax withholding and how to keep more of your hard-earned money in your pocket!
What is Gross Income?
Before we can understand why your taxes are so high on your paycheck, we need first to define one key term: gross income. Gross income is simply the total amount of money you earn in a period before any deductions are taken out.
It includes wages, salaries, bonuses, commissions, and other taxable income. You subtract any deductions or exemptions you qualify for when calculating your taxable income, which is taxed at various rates depending on your filing status.
Most taxpayers' gross income and taxable incomes are one and the same. However, there are a few instances where that's not the case. For example, if you have income from investments or rental property, that would be considered gross income but not taxable income.
What Are The Main Types of Deductions?
Now that we've defined gross income, let's look at the different types of deductions that can reduce it.
The first and most common type of deduction is payroll taxes. Payroll taxes are a set of taxes automatically withheld from your paycheck. Your employer calculates these taxes and sends the money to the government on your behalf.
Social Security tax
The Social Security tax is a 6.2% deduction that goes towards funding Social Security. The government uses the funds to provide retirement and disability benefits to workers and dependents.
So, for every $100 you earn, your employer will withhold $6.20 and send it to the government. This tax is applied to all income up to a certain limit, which changes annually.
The Medicare tax is a 1.45% deduction that goes towards funding Medicare, a government-run health insurance program. In this case, your money goes towards providing health insurance for
- Individuals with certain disabilities
- Permanent kidney failure patients
- Anybody eligible for Medicare
The Medicare tax accounts for 1.45% of all income, regardless of how much you make. So, for every $100 you earn, your employer will withhold $1.45 and send it to the government. Combined, the Social Security and Medicare taxes make up a fraction of your deductions, accounting for 7.65% of your income.
Federal Income Tax
There is no way around the Federal Income Tax if you are employed. Federal income tax is a deduction withheld from your paycheck based on your taxable income. This tax is imposed by the Federal Government and applies to all income levels.
The percentage you pay in federal income tax depends on various factors, such as your filing status and income level. Your filing status can be:
Defined as a taxpayer who is not married and does not have any dependents
Married Filing Jointly
Taxpayers who are legally married and file jointly are subject to a lower tax rate than those who file separately.
The tax brackets for married couples are higher than those for singles to account for the fact that both spouses typically have taxable income.
Married Filing Separately
If you're married but file separately, you will be taxed at a higher rate than filed jointly. This is because you and your spouse are considered two separate taxpayers.
Head of Household
This filing status is for unmarried taxpayers who have dependents living with them. The percentage you pay in federal income tax depends on your income level.
This status is for widows and widowers who have not remarried and have a dependent or a child.
Another factor determining your tax bracket is the type of income you earn. There are four types of taxable income:
Earned income includes wages, salaries, tips, and other taxable income received through employment. For example, the wages you earn from your day job are considered earned income.
Income from self-employment is also considered earned income. This includes money you make from freelance work, owning a business, or being a contractor.
Unearned income includes interest, dividends, capital gains, and rent. For example, the interest you earn on your savings account is considered unearned income.
Your unearned income is taxed at a lower rate than your earned income to incentivize savings and investment.
Tax-exempt income includes certain government benefits, such as Social Security income or unemployment benefits. These types of income are not taxable by the federal government.
In some cases, you may exclude certain types of income from your taxable income, including the foreign earned income of U.S. citizens who live and work abroad and some military pensions.
Other taxable income includes alimony, gambling winnings, and income from selling property.
What Are Some Other Deductions You Might Find?
State and Local Income Taxes
The Federal Government isn't the only one that takes a chunk out of your paycheck. Forty-one states also have income taxes, and the amount you pay varies depending on which state you live in. Some states, such as Colorado (4.55%) and Illinois (4.95%), have flat-rate deductions, which means everyone in the state pays the same percentage in income taxes.
Other states, such as California and New York, have deductions based on a table. That means the percentage you pay in income taxes depends on your income level.
Finally, nine states, including Florida and Alaska, do not have state income taxes.
Medical, Dental or Vision Premiums
Some companies have a program where they will reimburse you for your medical, dental, or vision premiums. Every employee contributes to a pool used to reimburse employees for these types of expenses.
Although you might get reimbursed, the premiums are still considered taxable income. This is because the company doesn't actually give you any money--it just takes the money out of your paycheck before taxes are taken out.
You receive retirement income from a retirement account, such as a 401(k) or IRA. This income is not taxed when you receive it, but it will be taxable when you withdraw it in the future.
There are two types of retirement income:
Traditional Retirement Income: Traditional retirement income is income that is taxed when you receive it. For example, if you withdraw money from your 401(k) account, that money will be taxed as income.
Traditional retirement income is usually tax-deferred, which means you can postpone paying taxes on the income until you retire.
Roth Retirement Income: Roth retirement income is income that is not taxed when you receive it. For example, if you withdraw money from your Roth IRA account, that money will not be taxed.
Roth retirement income is not tax-deferred, which means you have to pay taxes on the income when you receive it.
Student Loan Interest
Student loan interest is any interest you pay on a student loan. You can deduct up to $2,500 in student loan interest from your taxable income each year. The federal government does not tax this type of interest.
How To Change Your Take-Home Pay
There are many different reasons why your paycheck might have a lot of deductions. But don't worry, you're not alone! Most people have to pay taxes on their income, and there are many different types of taxes.
The good news is that the IRS has a Withholding Calculator tool that can help you figure out how much tax to withhold from your paycheck.
The Withholding Calculator can help you determine if you have too much or too little tax withheld from your paycheck. It can also help you calculate your estimated tax payments.
The Withholding Calculator also helps you figure out your withholding allowances. Your withholding allowances are the number of allowances you claim on your W-4 form.
Your withholding allowance determines how much tax is withheld from your paycheck. If you have too much tax withheld, you will get a refund when you file your taxes. But if you have too little tax withheld, you will have to pay taxes when you file your taxes.
Some people like to get a big refund each year, while others would rather have more money in their paycheck each week. It's up to you to decide how many allowances you want to claim. Note that it is recommended to pocket more money each paycheck and invest that money periodically.
The Withholding Calculator can help you make these decisions.
How Do I Adjust My Tax Deductions?
If you want to adjust your tax deductions, you can change your W-4 form. The W-4 form is your employer's form to figure out how much tax to withhold from your paycheck. You can change your W-4 form at any time by filling out a new W-4 and giving it to your employer.
If any of the information provided above made you feel confused, don’t stress because you are not alone. There are many other businesses that have faced similar problems in the past. However, with time, they have fared well with just a little help.
If you are struggling or just don't have the time to keep up with it, it may be time to have Hall Accounting take over and invest with accurate accounting records and financial reports. The Hall Accounting team will manage your records from start to finish and make sure all adjustments are timely recorded. This option is also feasible for small businesses because it is cheap and hassle-free, at a fixed monthly rate. If you are interested, please feel free to email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will get you a free quote!
4/18/22 TAXES WERE DUE!
Deadline to file individual tax returns for 2021
First-quarter estimated tax payments due for 2022
Deadline to contribute to HSA for 2021
Deadline to contribute to IRA for 2021
Estimated tax payment for 2nd quarter of 2022 (Form 1040-ES)